Shutters are a very practical and useful thing. They perfectly protect the window glass from damage. Whether it be a strong hurricane, snow, or rain, they will never damage the windows if they are protected by shutters. If necessary, shutters can prevent thieves from entering the house, which is especially true for summer cottages that the owners leave unattended for the winter.
Recently, with the advent of blinds, curtains, and grilles, which perform the same functions as shutters, they have somewhat lost their popularity, but have acquired a new significant function. They have become an excellent element of both the exterior and interior decor. Yes, that’s right, because shutters can be placed both outside the house and inside.
What are the types of shutters
First of all, let’s look at the types, depending on the material from which they are made. After all, it depends on where and how it will be used.
You can choose:
- wooden shutters;
- metal shutters;
- plastic shutters;
- paper shutters (internal, like blinds).
And, as noted, shutters can be:
The possibilities of placing the shutters depending on the material from which they were made. For example, external are most often made of wood or metal, less often of plastic. Products carry significant loads, and the stronger the material from which they are made, the longer and more successful they will serve. Internal, as a rule, have a more fragile structure and perform a decorative function, protect the house from the sun’s rays, therefore, they are made of decorative wood, plastic, or paper.
There is another category by which are distinguished – this is their shape they are:
- panel board;
- rectangular, etc.
After considering all types of materials and shapes, let’s find out how to make your own.
Manufacturing and installation
The most common, commonly used, and cost-effective are wooden. They are easy to make and do not require special skills or expensive material. You can use boards that have already been in use, you just have to “deprive them of traces of the past”, for example, walk on them with a plane (if there is, then an electric plane) and wipe with sandpaper. These will look natural and beautiful. The tree was relevant several hundred years ago but has not lost its popularity today. And this is no accident since this material has a lot of advantages.
Here are some of them:
- Good toughness. Strength is one of the most important characteristics that any material should have. Wood is a natural material, the fibers of which are tubular and have a direction along the trunk. That is why materials made of wood have sufficient elasticity and strength.
- Low density. Conifers have a low density. For example, pine has a density of 500–550 kg / m 3, while spruce has a density of 400–450 kg / m 3. Thanks to this, the material is lightweight and convenient to work with.
- Durability. Due to its properties, wooden shutters will have a long service life. Having made them, you can not worry that after a year or two you will need to change them. Moreover, today the material can be treated with special compounds that will protect it from natural influences, rotting, mold, and mildew, moisture penetration, and fire. All this will contribute to the fact that your shutters will retain their appearance and quality for many years.
- Ecological cleanliness. Wood is a material created by nature itself. Therefore, products made from it are attractive and have a positive effect on human health. They do not emit harmful substances and do not cause allergies.
- Ease of operation. Wood is a pleasure to work with. The material lends itself well to processing, it is easy to saw, plan, and shape it. Moreover, you can buy it at a low price, and the material itself is quite affordable and widespread.
- Natural beauty and decorativeness. Due to its color, wood structure, and general appearance, the shutters will look very beautiful and noble, they do not need to be finished or supplemented with something, which will reduce costs.
So, the sequence for making wooden shutters for windows is as follows:
- It is recommended to treat the boards that will be used with special agents that will extend the life of the finished products. After you have leveled and trimmed them with a plane, it is worth soaking the boards with antiseptics and water-repellent substances, for example, drying oil.
- Having measured the frame of the window where the shutters will be installed, we adjust the boards to the desired size and process the edges with the same solution as the base.
- We connect the prepared boards to each other. The boards should adhere to each other as tightly as possible so that there are no gaps and no air currents and sunlight pass between them.
- Broken shutters should be sanded and prepared for processing. To avoid rotting and drying, they should be painted with paint for external use or varnished to preserve the texture of the wood.
- We install a locking mechanism on the sash. It can be a hook or a lock, depending on the purpose or your desire. After all, it is with the help of this mechanism that windows can be reliably closed. If you install shutters on summer cottage windows, then it is better to make the lock more reliable so that “good” neighbors or intruders do not invade your property.
- We fasten the awnings to the knocked down boards. You can screw them on the side, in this case, It will open to the sides, but if you screw them from above, then the shutters will be unlocked upwards, that is, they will be lifting.
- We fix the frame with self-tapping screws and align them for precise alignment of the sashes using a level.
- Decorating is the final step. You can paint them in different colors, giving free rein to your imagination. Various patterns, designs, and carvings will make your shutters unique.