Rural Fences are present in almost all regions of rural property, given the variety of functions and the importance they have in the development of agricultural activities. For the construction of a fence, the producer must, of course, have a well-defined objective (delimitation of the farm or containment of animals, for example), as it is in view of this that the wire mesh will be erected.
Once you have the goal set, factors such as terrain characteristics, fence size, and available budget must be taken into account. From this, then, the materials that will be used are defined, always focusing on the strength and durability of the rural fence.
But how should the rural fence be built for it to be effective and cost-effective? See the tips we’ve brought you throughout this article!
Why build a rural fence?
Rural fences are fundamental structures of any rural property. Its primary function is to establish boundaries and, in this way, promote the safety of what is around. Among the numerous reasons to build a rural fence, we can highlight the following:
- divide different properties;
- isolate cultivated areas from domestic and wild animals;
- subdivide the pastures into paddocks for better use of the pasture;
- isolate hazardous areas, improvements, dams, or environmental preservation areas;
- contain farm animals;
- to secure the property.
What types of rural fences are there?
There are many types of fences that differ, fundamentally, by the materials used in their construction. Therefore, they can be made entirely of wood or wire (in this case, the posts can be made of wood or concrete). Below are varieties of conventional fences.
Wood rural fence
Wooden fences are commonly used around households and for the construction of corrals. In this case, they provide greater strength and stability to keep the animals in areas, usually small.
Electric rural fence
The electric fence is widely used to secure around the property, but also to contain animals. In addition to guarding the herd in a certain area, the structure keeps wild animals away.
The electrical current causes a small discomfort in animals that, normally, do not approach after the first contact. However, the producer must take some care with the rural electric fence so that it is installed efficiently and safely.
Smooth wire fence
After evaluating the purpose of building the fence, the terrain characteristics are the determining factor in choosing the wire mesh. The smooth (oval) wire is best suited for flat terrain, due to its high breaking load — which allows it to be stretched over long distances.
That is, the number of stretchers can be smaller, as well as the distance between them and between the intermediate woods.
Barbed wire fence
The barbed wire fence is the most commonly seen on rural properties, as it can be built with curves and unevenness without compromising the stretching of the wire. It is therefore recommended for uneven, mountainous, or steep terrain.
Barbed wire is also more cost-effective for these types of terrain, as it reduces the number of turnbuckles along the fence (which would make building an oval wire fence on the uneven ground more expensive).
What materials to use in rural fence construction?
As mentioned, the construction of a fence must be carried out according to the characteristics of the land and, as a result, the producer acquires the materials that will be used.
When choosing the type of fence, one must also consider the behavior of each animal that will be contained. Goats, for example, test fences a lot by jumping or walking over them, and the fence should have smaller spacing between the wires (which does not allow the passage of their heads).
In addition to the wires, you will need posts (or stands), which are the structures that support the fences. They can be made of wood, concrete, or metal, and the choice between them is based on the type of terrain (since they will be buried in the ground), the type of wire (each requires a specific lock), and the investment that can be made.
Fences can be permanent or temporary, and the materials used must suit their use. Permanent fences require smooth or barbed wire, and galvanized metal posts are interesting as they provide greater durability to the fencing.
Temporary fences, in turn, can be built with thinner wires and wooden posts (of good quality), which facilitate the handling and reuse of materials. This can be the case, for example, with fences for the production of beef cattle.
How to calculate the ideal size?
To calculate the ideal size of the fence to be built, you will need to know your property very well and sketch a drawing or floor plan of the area to be delimited. It is necessary to measure the terrain, define the demarcation points and, of course, gather all the information we mentioned in the previous topic, such as:
- type of structure;
- type of fence;
- fence purpose;
- animal species to be contained;
- soil type;
- environmental conditions in the region.
This is perhaps the most laborious part of fence construction, as these details need to be well established so that there are no complications in the fence installation, such as lack or excessive excess of materials.
However, to make life easier for the producer, allows you to enter the specific settings of the property and the fence you want to install, calculating the size of the fence, as well as the number of materials that should be used.
How to build a rural fence?
With all this information and all the necessary material in hand, see now how to build a rural fence.
Stake out the place
Mark out where the fence will pass and line up the holes that will be dug to secure the posts.
Fix the posts
The stands must have 1 m of their structure buried, and it is crucial to install the pillows on their base. This allows the master and foreman posts to support the traction of the wires without moving, especially in soft, soft, or flooded terrain.
Align the places where the intermediate posts will be fixed and well tamp the earth so that they remain firm.
After having fixed all the stands and having the height of them well defined, install the strands of barbed or smooth wire. If you are using barbed wire, start by installing the top wire and secure it to the post and then unwind it to the next post. This prevents the wires from getting tangled up in each other.
Maintain the same distance between the wires and install rockers to maintain the integrity of the fence.
Stretch the wire and finish with staples
Stretch the wire well when reaching each post, establishing the necessary traction on the wires. Trim each wire and then finish wire installation with galvanized staples. This preserves the quality of the fence.
Rural fences are extremely important and determinant for the good quality of agricultural activities. To carry out an efficient fence construction, it is essential to know the terrain well, define the objective and choose excellent materials that provide strength and durability to the wire mesh.
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